What is a felony called in Canada?
In Canada, the term misdemeanor or felony is not used. Instead, there are summary or indictable offenses. A summary offense in Canada is similar to an American misdemeanor, while an indictable offense in Canada is similar to an American felony.
The Differences Between Misdemeanor and Felony Charges
It is important to understand the differences between misdemeanor and felony charges in order to know what your rights are, how to respond to and defend against them, and how they can impact your future. Misdemeanors and felonies can both result in fines, jail time, and probation, but they differ in severity, the impact they have on your life, and potential statutory penalties.
First, let’s look at misdemeanors. These are crimes that are considered less serious than felonies and generally carry lighter penalties. Examples of misdemeanors include public intoxication, petty theft, and disorderly conduct. Punishments for misdemeanors usually include fines and/or a jail sentence of up to one year. It is possible to appeal a conviction for a misdemeanor, but it’s important to note that doing so will not necessarily result in a lesser sentence.
On the other hand, felonies are more serious crimes that come with more serious consequences. Examples of felonies include murder, aggravated assault, and rape. Depending on the severity of the crime and the jurisdiction in question, punishments for felonies could include life in prison, a lengthy probation, or even the death penalty. Since felonies are more serious crimes, they also tend to have more severe consequences that can include, but are not limited to, loss of certain civil rights, the inability to serve on a jury, and varying levels of social stigma.
Additionally, there are different levels of misdemeanors and felonies. These levels range from the most serious offenses, such as first-degree felonies and Class A misdemeanors, all the way down to the least serious offenses. Knowing the levels of misdemeanors and felonies and the accompanying punishments, as well as the jurisdiction you are in and the particulars of the crime, are key to understanding the charges and how best to respond to them.
In conclusion, understanding the nuances between misdemeanor and felony charges is vital to understanding how to respond to them and how they can impact your future. It’s important to know the levels of misdemeanors and felonies in your jurisdiction and the accompanying legal penalties, as well as the civil rights and social stigma associated with each.