What are the main employment laws in the US?
The primary federal employment laws are: Title VII (of the Civil Rights Act); the Americans with Disabilities Act; the Age Discrimination in Employment Act; the Equal Pay Act; the Fair Labor Standards Act; the Family and Medical Leave Act; the Immigration Reform and Control Act; the National Labor Relations Act; the …
What Are The Five Major Kinds Of Employment Laws?
Employment laws are in place to protect employees and ensure fair practices in the workplace. They also help employers remain compliant with regulations and ensure their organization’s legal status. There are a variety of different areas where employment laws may be applicable, including wages, hours, benefits, discrimination, harassment, and others. Here are five major types of employment laws employers should be aware of.
1. Wage and Hour Laws
Wage and hour laws are designed to ensure that employees are paid a fair wage for their work. These laws also set regulations for worker breaks, vacation time, overtime pay, and other compensation-related areas. Depending on the state, employers must also abide by different minimum wage laws to ensure that employees are paid adequately.
2. Workplace Safety Laws
Workplace safety laws help ensure employers provide their employees with a safe, hazard-free work environment. This includes providing proper equipment, following safety standards, implementing safety regulations, plus more. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) makes sure that employers are in compliant with both national and state regulations.
3. Equal Employment Opportunity Laws
Equal Employment Opportunity laws ensure that employers don’t discriminate against any employees based on race, gender, age, national origin, disability, pregnancy, or other protected characteristics. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) oversees these types of laws and works to protect the rights of employees against any violations from employers.
4. Family And Medical Leave Laws
Family and medical leave laws provide employees with the ability to take an extended leave from work for family or medical reasons. This could be for the birth of a child, to take care of an ill family member, or for a personal illness. Employers must provide job protection for such employees and can’t terminate or retaliate against them for taking family and medical leave.
5. Pension And Retirement Laws
Pension and retirement laws ensure employees receive their pension and retirement benefits. This includes making sure that employers are providing the right amount of money, in the right amount of time, and in compliance with the law. Employers must also provide disclosure documents to help employees understand their benefits and make a fair decision.
Employers must comply with all employment laws in order to remain in good legal standing. It’s important for employers to understand each of these laws and take the necessary steps to remain compliant. Good employment practices protect the rights of both employers and employees, and help ensure fair labor practices in the workplace.